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This was the first -and only- cantata to be printed in Bach’s own lifetime which has survived. It is an early work, dating from his days in Mülhausen, in the early 1700s, long before his time in Leipzig. It was written to mark the inauguration of the new Mülhausen Town Council, which took place on February 4th each year. The deal with the council was: write us a new cantata, and we’ll pay to have it published.